New Delhi: This is apparently the first time that material containing “top-secret” statements made by a Chinese head of state has been leaked into the public domain: new documents called “Xinjiang Papers” have appeared, showing Chinese President Xi Jinpings’ ties to the repression of Uighur Muslims. .
Documents released by Adrian Zenz, China Studies Principal Investigator, Victims of Communism Memorial Foundation, say the archives contain highly sensitive and pertinent material regarding Beijing’s policies in Xinjiang. Most of the material is classified as confidential.
A document containing three speeches by Chinese President (more precisely: Secretary General) Xi Jinping is classified as “top secret”, which “may cause particularly serious damage to the security and interests of the country.”
For comparison, the rating level specified on China Cables’ main cable (or telegram) was “secret” (the second highest rating level).
Overall, this appears to be the first case in which materials with “top-secret” statements made by a Chinese head of state have leaked into the public domain, a fact that was not mentioned in the original New York Times report.
However, this analysis shows that the links between statements and mandates made by Xi and other central government figures and policies that were implemented after 2016 are much more extensive, detailed, and significant than previously understood.
Additionally, the original New York Times report failed to mention several central government-issued documents that are part of the leak and that contain crucial additional evidence for such links.
First, the documents state that in 2014, Xi Jinping himself had authorized the Xinjiang government to draft local legal regulations to address the problems of religious extremism and violent resistance.
The resulting ‘Extremity Elimination Regulation’ came into effect in April 2017 and is closely related to the re-education campaign.
However, their report does not mention that Xi Jinping himself had issued a possibly very similar demand when he ordered in 2014 that “those who should be caught should be caught and those who should be convicted should be sentenced.”
The new documents found that Xi’s statements that religious extremism is like a “powerful psychedelic drug” and that acts of terror “will multiply like cancer cells” if extremist thinking is not eradicated are literally quoted (and attributed to Xi) in a widely cited article. March 2017 government document comparing re-education to free medical treatment for “sick thoughts.”
At the same time that Xi demanded that people’s “immunity” against extremist ideology be increased, Uighur regions were actively pursuing early forms of re-education and reported that these re-education efforts were “increasing the immunity of groups.” susceptible ‘people’.
In two separate speeches, Xi called religious extremism “poison.” He argued that Xinjiang suffered from “heart disease” that could only be cured with “heart medications” to “support what is right and eliminate evil.”
A 2017 work report on re-education in a Uyghur region quoted this last expression verbatim, stating that re-education must “support what is right and eliminate what is wrong.”
Second, Zenz said the materials show that the transfer of nearly three million surplus rural workers to full-time jobs through a “vigorous” development of labor-intensive industries was designed to prevent Uighurs from “not have nothing to do “and, therefore, are” easily “exploited by criminals”.
Similarly, Xi Jinping suggested that unemployed people can “cause problems” and that corporate employment promotes ethnic mixing and helps workers “resist religious extremism.”
He argues that such employment will lead ethnic workers to “imperceptibly study Chinese culture” (that is, without realizing it).
The stated reasons for Xinjiang’s labor transfers are thus more political than economic: while promoting employment through labor transfers to labor-intensive industries was not expected to make a difference. Greater contribution to the economy or government revenue than other industries, it was considered a “matter of vital importance” for “the long-term peace and stability of Xinjiang.”
Third, the documents show that plans to optimize the ethnic composition of the population, which are related to Xinjiang’s campaign to suppress births, can be linked to statements and demands from the central government.
In a top-secret speech, Xi argued that “the proportion of the population and the security of the population are important foundations for long-term peace and stability.”
This statement was quoted literally by a senior Xinjiang official in July 2020, who later argued that the proportion of southern Xinjiang’s Han population was “too low.”
Other classified documents lament “serious imbalances in the distribution of the ethnic population” and a “severely mono-ethnic” population structure (an excessive concentration of Uyghurs) in southern Xinjiang.
They demand that by 2022, 300,000 settlers (mostly Han from eastern China) be relocated to southern regions of Xinjiang administered by the Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps (XPCC), also known as ‘Bingtuan’, a settler entity. colonial paramilitaries, with the explicitly stated objective of increasing the participation of the Han population in the region.
Zenz said Xi himself had ordered the abolition of preferential birth control policies for ethnic groups in southern Xinjiang that had previously allowed them to have more children than the Han.
His demand that birth control policies in this Uighur heartland be “the same for all ethnic groups” is an understatement that since 2017, underpinned policies dramatically lowered birth rates for ethnic groups.
Fourth, Zenz said classified materials show that many other policies designed to assimilate and control ethnic groups in the region, including Chinese (Mandarin) language-focused education in centralized boarding schools, more intensive forms of predictive policing to through big data analysis, o Sending Han officials to live with Uighur families may be directly related to Xi Jinping’s explicit statements or demands.
For example, Xi demanded that rural children enter boarding schools so that they can “study in school, live in school, grow up in school.”
His observation that “some religious people interfere in matters of secular life” was formalized shortly after as the mandate that “religion is strictly forbidden to interfere with secular lifestyles.”
In 2017, this policy ensured the internment of people in re-education camps who had offered customary prayers at funerals or participated in customary religious marriage ceremonies.
In short, Xi’s statements and requirements provided the basis for criminalizing most of the traditional religious practices that were part of the daily lives of ethnic populations.
The files also show the motivation behind these unprecedented measures. In a top-secret speech, Xi argued that the Belt and Road Initiative, his flagship foreign policy project, requires a stable national security environment.
He claimed that the national security of the entire country and the achievement of China’s main goals in the 21st century are in jeopardy if the situation in southern Xinjiang is not controlled.
Xi demanded that the region engage in an all-out battle to “prevent the violent terrorist activities in Xinjiang from spreading to the rest of China.”
He noted that since the violent acts have already spread to other regions of China, “we therefore propose that Xinjiang is currently in a painful period of interventionist treatment.”